Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. The civilization coalesced around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and it developed over the next three millennia. Its history occurred in a series of stable Kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods. Ancient Egypt reached its pinnacle during the New Kingdom, after which it entered a period of slow decline. Egypt was conquered by a succession of foreign powers in this late period, and the rule of the pharaohs officially ended in 31 BC when the early Roman Empire conquered Egypt and made it a province.
The success of ancient Egyptian civilization stemmed partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River Valley. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which fueled social development and culture. With resources to spare, the administration sponsored mineral exploitation of the valley and surrounding desert regions, the early development of an independent writing system, the organization of collective construction and agricultural projects, trade with surrounding regions, and a military intended to defeat foreign enemies and assert Egyptian dominance. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a pharaoh who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs.
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that facilitated the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known ships, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty. Egypt left a lasting legacy. Its art and architecture were widely copied, and its antiquities carried off to far corners of the world. Its monumental ruins have inspired the imaginations of travellers and writers for centuries. A newfound respect for antiquities and excavations in the early modern period led to the scientific investigation of Egyptian civilization and a greater appreciation of its cultural legacy, for Egypt and the world.
The people of Egypt are a culture built upon for thousands of years. Just as in other societies, today's Egyptians have strong family values and much faith in religion. Some of them live in the big cities, while others live in rural farming areas. Most Egyptians today live closely to their extended family, especially following their father's paternal lines.
Egyptian land is almost all a vast desert, with sand as far as the eye can see. The jewel of Egypt, the Nile River, adds lush greenery and fertile soil to the desolate blowing sands common to the rest of the country. Egypt itself is bordered on two sides by water, contrasting the sand with the colour of the deep blue sea.
Today's government of Egypt is a Presidency. The President is elected by popular vote, and has quite a lot of power. Other governmental officials are appointed by the President to aid in keeping the country running smoothly.
The population of Egypt resides both in the major cities and suburbs such as Cairo and Alexandria, as well as in small rural villages. The differences between the lifestyles are breathtaking. The faster paced cities tend to be quite crowded, though also more modernized.
Culture: in Egypt ranges from popular singers to famous writers and everything in between. Museums and architecture, to nights out on the town. You can just about do it all in Egypt!
The Egyptian program started with 3ZZZ. It broadcasts in Arabic, and English languages. The program mainly addresses the common interests of the Egyptian community in particular, and the Arabic speaking communities in general in Victoria.
The Egyptian program broadcasts three hours per week as follows:
• Every Tuesday from 2:00 to 3:00pm
• Every Thursday from 9:00 to 10:00pm
• Every Saturday from 2:00 to 3:00pm
The committee consists of seven members who are elected according to the constitution of 3ZZZ.
The broadcasting team consists of seven broadcasters all volunteers. Some of the broadcasters started with the establishment of the program, and still currently broadcasting.
The broadcasting team:
1. Mrs. Nadia Ghaly
2. Mrs. Corrine Ishkan
3. Mrs. Haidy Eskander
4. Mr. Raouf Shafik-Eid
5. Mr. Morad Wahba
6. Mr. Sayed Khatab
7. Mr. Nashaat Ghoubrial
Listeners can contact the team on the station phone numbers (03 9415 1923) during the broadcasting hours of the Egyptian program or Fax no. (03 9354 7957).